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O. Q. subverts the Mona Lisa via adorning her with a mustache, Ducasse’s maxims subvert classical concept as they name consciousness to it. As in Dadaist items, Lautréamont’s “retournements” create a funny impression. for example, within the following maxim, Ducasse revises one in every of Pascal’s Pensées to show it on its head. Pascal conjectures that it is very important comprehend human weak spot: En écrivant ma pensée, elle m’échappe quelquefois, mais cela me fait memento de ma faiblesse que j’oublie à toute heure; ce qui m’instruit autant que ma pensée oubliée: automobile je ne has a tendency qu’à connaître mon néant. [In writing my inspiration, it occasionally escapes me, yet that makes me keep in mind my weak spot that I continually overlook; this can be as instructive to me as my forgotten idea: for I try basically to grasp my nothingness. ]36 Ducasse intentionally misinterprets the maxim, writing as a substitute that it is very important comprehend human energy: Lorsque j’écris ma pensée, elle ne m’échappe pas. Cette motion me fait keepsake de ma strength que j’oublie à toute heure. Je m’instruis à percentage de ma pensée enchaînée. Je ne has a tendency qu’à connaître los angeles contradiction de mon esprit avec le néant. [When I write down my techniques, they don't get away me. This motion makes me consider my power which I overlook constantly. I train myself proportionately to my chained idea. I target in basic terms to tell apart the contradiction among my brain and nothingness. ]37 35 Aragon, Lautréamont et nous, sixty three. From Pascal, article sixième, I, in OC, 674. 37 OC, 279 [Mal, 236]. 36 Investing in Lautréamont, 1920 121 Ducasse therefore involves a similar end as Pascal, via borrowing the latter’s phrases after which depleting them, emptying them in their worth or even their rhythm. Ducasse’s procedure right here seems to be an early type of ‘Pataphysics, a meta-philosophy of meaninglessness. Éluard and Breton later practiced this system, known as “détournement” due to its concurrently subversive and artistic probabilities. In Immaculée perception, for instance, incorporates a piece entitled “Il n’y a rien d’incompréhensible” [Nothing is incomprehensible], taken without delay from a line in Poésies II. during this 1930 collective paintings, “détournements” and automated writing mix to create a surrealist philosophy of poetry. components of the paintings are in response to preexistent fragments and newspaper articles. while the surrealist schedule sublimated just like Lautréamont whereas turning his procedure right into a philosophy, Dada’s application consisted in now not having one. As a flow of négation totale, without formal aesthetic, Dada cultivated the anti-real. Surrealists, however, aspired to a extra chic model of the genuine. In trade for Lautréamont’s contributions to the rejection of conventions, absurd humor, flamboyant imagery, and artistic pilfering in poetry, the surrealists formed him right into a cult icon. André Gide even thought of it their maximum success: “J’estime que le plus beau titre de gloire du groupe qu’ont shapeé Breton, Aragon et Soupault, est d’avoir reconnu et proclamé l’importance littéraire et ultra-littéraire de l’admirable Lautréamont” [I reckon that the best glory of the gang shaped through Breton, Aragon and Soupault is to have famous and proclaimed the literary and ultra-literary value of the admirable Lautréamont].